SO-CHIC Partner

SORBONNE UNIVERSITE

Partner Presentation

Born from the merger of Université Pierre et Marie Curie and Université Paris Sorbonne, Sorbonne Université is a fully multidisciplinary research-intensive university with three faculties: Humanities and Social Sciences, Medicine and Sciences & Engineering. With more than 53 400 students (among 10 200 international students), 4400 doctoral students and 6300 researchers, Sorbonne Université is one of the leading French universities.

The university is involved in numerous European and International partnership agreements and has France's largest scientific library and infrastructures bringing together the best talent in a wide array of these disciplines. With 8,500 publications per year (approx. 10% of all publications in France), Sorbonne Université is a major player in international knowledge and innovation economy, offering transversal academic and research programs.

The European Affairs office, which is in charge of the EU projects at the university, has managed so far 150 FP7 and 100 H2020 projects (38 ERC grants and 45 industry-sponsored research chairs). The EU office will manage all the financial, administrative and legal aspects for the participation of Sorbonne Université in this project.

One laboratory of Sorbonne Université is involved in SO-CHIC: The Laboratoire d’Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentations et Approches Numériques (LOCEAN). LOCEAN is a research laboratory of 180 scientists, engineers and administrative staff. It is a leading laboratory in France for studying worldwide general oceanic circulation and physical oceanic processes based on observations and numerical modelling. In the past, studies have been conducted at all latitudes, equatorial and tropical, mid-latitudes and Polar Regions as well. Most of LOCEAN senior scientists have been engaged as PIs and/or coordinators in several European Union projects of the successive framework programs.

Role in project

Sorbonne Université coordinates the project (JB. Sallée), and contributes to the science workpackages on air-sea fluxes (WP1: J. Boutin), on bottom water consumption and export (WP3: JB. Sallée, G. Madec, C. de Lavergne), and on the Weddell Polynya (WP4: JB. Sallée). Sorbonne Université contribution is deploy and analyse carbon air-sea fluxes sensors, maintain mooring work in the Southeaster Weddell Sea and provide their observation to the consortium, deploy floats in the Weddell Polynya, and develop, run and evaluate a global simulation in which bottom water consumption will be assessed and confronted to observations.

Key Personnel

Jean-Baptiste Sallee

Research scientist in ocean and climate sciences, working for the French national research agency (CNRS)

Jacqueline Boutin

Research director at the French national research agency (CNRS) and based at LOCEAN lab of Sorbonne Université

Amélie Lecornec

Project Manager

Gurvan Madec

Casimir de Lavergne

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON

Partner Presentation

The University of Southampton (Southampton), one of the leading universities in Britain, was founded in 1952 and is a member of the prestigious Russell Group of U.K. Universities. Southampton is an excellent venue for conducting cutting-edge research and for providing high-quality education, and has been ranked 96th in the 2019 QS World University Rankings. It has been ranked 8th in the U.K. for research, and has 97% of its research environment rated as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’ (Research Excellence Framework, 2014; REF2014).

It has more than 17,000 undergraduate and 7,000 postgraduate students from over 140 different countries. In 2016/17 alone Southampton received over €150M in research grants and contracts, including over €17M from the European Commission. Southampton has a successful track record of industrial collaborations and is at the centre of a cluster of local high-technology companies. It has an enviable track record in the generation of patentable work, with a portfolio of over 250 patents. To ensure the impact of its research projects, University of Southampton’s Research & Innovation Services (R&IS) is responsible for professional protection of IP and supporting commercial development with industry.

R&IS has had considerable success, as a world-leading business incubator, and has launched 28 spin-out companies since 2000. Southampton has also a strong record of accomplishment of working in European projects, especially within the Framework Programme. The EC 7th FP7 Monitoring Report ranked Southampton 15th out of all higher and secondary education organisations for number of participations during 2007-2013. Throughout the FP7, Southampton received over €125M in research grants and was involved in 318 projects, including 12 Environment Collaborative Projects. Since the start of H2020, Southampton has been awarded 109 grants worth over €73M (EC Participant Portal).

Role in project

Southampton (A. Naveira Garabato) leads the science workpackage on the Weddell Polynya (WP4), and contributes to that on upper-ocean ventilation pathways (WP2). Southampton’s contribution entails the design and coordination of the WP4 observational campaign in the Polynya area; the analysis of the measurements obtained by that campaign; and the participation in the analysis of WP4 model experiments and of WP2 measurements of upper-ocean ventilation processes.

Key Personnel

Alberto Naveira Garabato

Professor of Physical Oceanography

UNIVERSITY OF READING

Partner Presentation

The University of Reading (UREAD) is dedicated to both teaching and research with a substantial reputation for research excellence. With 17,000 students and 3,000 staff from over 150 countries, having campuses in Malaysia and South Africa, UREAD has a very international environment. The UREAD has a strong track record of working in European projects and received awards for >150 EU projects across FP7 and H2020 resulting in nearly €70M EU Contribution. It is home to excellence and frontier research and has received 5 ERC Starting/Consolidator grant awards and 9 ERC Advanced grant awards. Nearly 40 are H2020 MSCA or FP7 Marie Curie People projects (over €10M EU Contribution), and >20 are Marie Curie individual fellowships.

The Department of Meteorology is a world-leading centre for research and training in weather and climate, and the largest of its kind in Europe. It trains students towards BSc, MSc and PhD degrees in Meteorology/Climate (there are currently about 40 MSc and 70 PhD students), and comprises approximately 45 academic staff, 20 senior research staff and fellowship holders, 25 embedded researchers from the Met Office, and 90 post-doctoral fellows. The Department also hosts the Climate Division of the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS-Climate), as well as the directorate of the NCAS Models and Data. The Meteorology department has always achieved the highest ratings in UK Research Assessment Exercises. In the latest 2014 Research Excellence Framework, 86% of our research was graded as world class or internationally excellent. In addition, Reading’s was ranked third by research power in the Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences Unit of Assessment.

Role in project

UREAD will participated in WP 2and 5, leading the tasks 2.6, 5.1 and 5.3.

Key Personnel

Dr David Ferreira

Associate Professor in the Department of Meteorology at the University of Reading

UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Partner Presentation

The British Antarctic Survey (UKRI-BAS) is a component of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). NERC is part of the United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI). It has, for over 60 years, undertaken the majority of Britain's scientific research in and around the Antarctic and Arctic regions, building a reputation as a world-renowned polar science and logistical centre. UKRI-BAS undertakes a world-class programme of scientific research, survey and long term observations addressing key issues of global or fundamental importance that require access to the Polar Regions. The Antarctic operations and science programmes are executed and managed from Cambridge, and rely on a wide-ranging team of professional staff. UKRI-BAS employs over 400 staff, and operates three stations, five aircraft, and two ships (used for both logistical support and scientific research).

BAS has had an active polar physical oceanography team for over 20 years. The group maintains strong observational and modelling teams and has extensive experience of with both ship-based and autonomous hydrography and turbulence measurements, gained through numerous field programmes in both the open Southern Ocean and the continental shelves of the Weddell and Amundsen Seas. Of direct relevance to SO-CHIC, UKRI-BAS is currently leading the ORCHESTRA programme, a 5-year multiinstitution project to quantify, understand and predict the Southern Ocean’s uptake of heat and carbon, with a particular focus on the South Atlantic, including the Weddell Sea. In recent years, UKRI-BAS has developed a strong underwater glider programme, tasked with investigating both the fluxes of heat across the Antarctic Peninsula shelves, and submesoscale processes in the open Southern Ocean. This has included software development work with Teledyne Webb Research to allow the glider fleet to be deployed successfully in marginal ice zones.

Role in project

UKRI-BAS will be the co-lead for work packages on upper ocean ventilation pathways (WP2: A. Brearley) and deep ocean ventilation pathways (WP3: A. Meijers). As well as science delivery, UKRIBAS will therefore work extensively on the coordination of the centres contributing to WPs 2 and 3 as well as be extensively involved in the overall management and coordination of SO-CHIC.

Key Personnel

Alex Brearley

Physical oceanographer

Mike Meredith

Physical oceanographer

Andrew Meijers

Physical oceanographer

Povl Abrahamsen

Physical oceanographer

ALFRED WEGENER INSTITUT

Partner Presentation

The AWI is a member of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (HGF), the largest science organisation in Germany. With a staff of more than 1000 employees, about half of them scientists at levels between graduate students and full professors, AWI conducts multidisciplinary research mainly in the Arctic and Antarctic. AWI was established as a public foundation in 1980 and includes the headquarters in Bremerhaven, and four further research units in Germany. It has an annual budget of more than 100 million Euro. AWI has a coordinating function, offers advice and consultancy, and provides special services. Responsibilities include biological monitoring, providing scientific-technical support for German and international polar research, and updating the German federal government on research results and giving advice for development of environmental policies.

AWI keeps up an extensive cooperation with numerous national and international institutions. Through memberships, the AWI is embedded in a number of European Research initiatives, such as the European Polar Board (EPB), the European Marine Board (EMB), and the European Climate Research Alliance (ECRA). It also contributes to a variety of international research programmes and projects like the European Multidisciplinary Seafloor Observatory (EMSO), the Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS; PI Hoppema being AWI representative), Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans (POGO) and the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP). Recently for the external review of the AWIwide research program the institute became the grade “outstanding”.

Role in project

AWI contributes to three work packages, WP1 on air-sea fluxes (M. Hoppema, WP co-leader), WP3 on deep ocean ventilation pathways (T. Kanzow; O. Boebel) and WP6 on decadal variability of heat and carbon storage (T. Kanzow, WP co-leader; O. Boebel; M. Hoppema). Our contribution is to conduct new measurements of the partial pressure of CO2, couple them with existing data and analyse those for the seasonal cycle. New and existing time series data of heat and salinity from the Weddell Sea shelf and slope regions will be collated and analysed for dense water formation and water mass modification on the shelf and export down the slope. An integrative analysis of the annual budget of excess heat and carbon will be produced for the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean.

Key Personnel

Dr. Mario Hoppema

Senior scientist in marine biogeochemistry

Prof. Dr. Torsten Kanzow

Head of the section Physical Oceanography of the Polar Seas

Olaf Boebel

Senior scientist in physical oceanography and ocean acoustics

UNI RESEARCH AS

Partner Presentation

Uni Research AS is a subsidiary owned by the non-profit research institute NORCE Norwegian Research Center AS (NORCE). NORCE was established in 2017 in a merger of the Norwegian research institutes Agderforskning AS, Uni Research AS, Teknova AS, International Research Institute of Stavanger AS and Christian Michelsen Research AS. NORCE have 900 employees with an annual turnover of 1 billion NOK. The head office is in Bergen, Norway with branch offices in Stavanger, Kristiansand, Grimstad and Oslo. NORCE aims to be a leading research institute with focus on research and innovation within climate, energy, health, environment, society and technology.

Uni Research runs its climate research through the department Uni Climate with particular strengths in understanding climate dynamics across multiple spatial and temporal scales, dynamical modelling of the climate system and understanding past-future climate variability and change. Uni Research Climate has extensive experience coordinating and leading large national and international projects (e.g. Norwegian Earth System Modelling Infrastructure project (INES), Ice2Ice Synergy Grant (Ice2ice) and Ocean Thematic Centre of the ICOS ERIC). Uni Climate is one of four partners in the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research (BCCR) and a partner in the Norwegian Climate Service Centre. Uni Climate has a leading role in Norway for the use and further development of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM), with expertise in in global climate, atmosphere and ocean modelling, decadal prediction, regional downscaling and climate dynamics Uni Climate plays an instrumental role in delivering future Earth system model projections to the last CMIP5 project and were assessed in the last IPCC-AR5. Uni Climate has access to the Norwegian national infrastructure of super-computing and long-term storage facilities (NOTUR and NorStore).

Role in project

UniRes is leading the WP3 (Bottom ocean ventilation pathways) and contribute with current meters time series and hydrographic observations from the Weddell Sea. UniRes will be responsible for operation of long-term observing systems at the Filchner Sill.

Key Personnel

Svein Østerhus

Physical oceanographer

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Partner Presentation

ETH Zurich (ETHZ) is one of the world’s leading international universities in natural sciences, engineering and architecture. It has more than 20,000 students from over 120 countries including about 4000 doctoral students. ETH Zurich is consistently ranked first among all universities in continental Europe, and among the top 10 worldwide. According to the Nature Index 2018, ETHZ is the world’s top ranked university in the field of Earth and Environmental Sciences. The participating Environmental Physics group under the leadership of Prof. Gruber is part of the Environmental System Sciences Department, which encompasses 42 professorships ranging from agriculture, ecology and evolution to atmospheric and climate sciences.

The Environmental Physics group has nearly 20 years of experience in the analysis and modeling of physical, biogeochemical, and ecological processes in the Earth System. The group has currently 15 members (1 group leader, 2 senior scientists, 1 programmer, 4 post-docs, and 6 Ph.D. students, 1 support staff). One of the group’s focus areas is the investigation of the coupling of the aforementioned processes at regional scales using observations and models. To the latter end, we employ the Regional Oceanic Modeling System (ROMS), which we configured in several systems, most importantly in the circumpolar Southern Ocean, and in three of the Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems (California, Humboldt, and Canary). The group has also long-term experience in the analysis and synthesis of ocean observations. For example, the group recently developed a novel neural network based method to estimate the global air-sea CO2 fluxes from the pCO2 observations, including the seasonal to decadal variations in the Southern Ocean. In addition, Gruber co-led several synthetic analyses of the global carbon budget, including RECCAP.

Role in project

The contribution of the Environmental Physics group of ETHZ concentrates on WP 6, where Gruber serves also as a work package co-leader

Key Personnel

Nicolas Gruber

Professor for Environmental Physics at ETH Zurich

UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG

Partner Presentation

The University of Gothenburg (UGOT; http://www.gu.se) is among the largest universities in Northern Europe (approx. 37,000 students and 6,000 employees). With its eight faculties, UGOT is also the most wide-ranging and versatile university in Sweden. UGOT is an active international university engaged in collaborative projects and partnerships all over the world. In FP7, UGOT participated in approximately 180 projects, both as a coordinator and a partner and is to date participating in about 70 projects in H2020. Strong research and attractive study programmes attract scientists and students from around the world. With new knowledge and new perspectives, the University contributes to a better future.

The Department of Marine Sciences, the Faculty of Science, University of Gothenburg, was recently launched (July 1, 2015) with the purpose to achieve the vision of "A University of marine research, teaching and cooperation of the highest international class". The department has about 160 employees - researchers, teachers, students, technicians and administrators. The department carries out teaching and research in the various marine specializations, biology, oceanography, chemistry, and marine geology. Research is conducted both within specialized individual projects as well as within larger interdisciplinary programs. The Department is situated in Gothenburg and at the University's research stations at Tjärnö and Kristineberg. The current position is placed in Gothenburg.

Within the Department of Marine Sciences, the polar research group is dedicated to the study of both the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans, focusing in particular on observing the ocean circulation in Polar Seas and its variations using a combination of ship-based field work and autonomous platforms (AUVs, Gliders, Animal tags). The polar regions form an important part of the Earth's climate system, where we are currently seeing great changes such as rising temperatures and the shrinking of the sea ice cover. Rapid climate changes are investigated combining observing and modeling approaches, with special attention to the fate of the Antarctic ice sheet, variations in sea ice cover and the link to the global overturning circulation.

Role in project

University of Gothenburg contributes to three of the science work packages (WP) in the project. UGOT leads the WPs on air-sea fluxes (WP1: S. Swart) and on the Weddell Polynya (WP4: F. Roquet and S. Swart), and is partner on the WP on upper ocean ventilation pathways (WP2: S. Swart). UGOT will deploy in situ ocean platforms, namely autonomous surface vehicles and ocean gliders in the marginal ice zone of the Weddell Polynya, develop and run a high-resolution simulation of the Maud Rise area to investigate processes that control the Polynya formation and persistence, and to analyse Polynya impacts on large-scale ocean circulation using the CMEMS GLORYS ocean reanalysis products.

Key Personnel

Sebastiaan Swart

Co-Chair of the international Southern Ocean Observing System

Fabien Roquet

Physical oceanographer

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD

Partner Presentation

The University of Oxford is the oldest university in the English-speaking world and a world-leading centre of teaching and research, having been ranked first in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for 2017 and 2018. According to the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, the official UKwide assessment of all university research, Oxford has the largest volume of world-leading research in the country. Oxford's research activity involves more than 70 departments, the colleges, more than 1,800 academic staff, more than 5,500 research and research support staff, and more than 6,100 graduate research students. Oxford consistently has the highest research income from external sponsors of any UK university. Oxford has pioneered the commercial exploitation of academic research and invention through Oxford University Innovation. The wholly owned technology transfer company has spun off 150 businesses and files more patents than any other UK university.

The work on SO-CHIC at Oxford will be carried out in the Department of Physics, the leading physics department in the UK according to the 2014 Research Excellence Framework. Over the past decade, the university has made substantial new investments in order to establish itself as a leading centre of excellence in Physical Climate Science, focused in the Department of Physics where there are now 17 faculty working on the physics of the atmospheres, oceans and cryosphere of the Earth (and other planets), with work spanning development and deployment of planetary instrumentation, retrieval of properties from data, numerical modelling and theory. The department currently holds 3 ERC grants in climate research has been engaged in several European Union projects of the successive framework programs.

Role in project

The University of Oxford (D. Marshall) co-leads the science work package on upper ocean ventilation pathways (WP2). In addition to coordination of the work package, the University of Oxford contribution is to lead the modelling submesoscale-resolving modelling to test and refine the sampling strategy for the field experiment, drawing on recent experience obtained in the UK OSMOSIS project, and to participate in investigating the impact of resolved and parameterized submesoscale and parameterized vertical mixing process on the annual mixed layer cycle.

Key Personnel

David Marshall

Professor of Physical Oceanography in the Department of Physics and Professorial Fellow of St Hugh’s College at the University of Oxford

HELMHOLTZ CENTRE FOR OCEAN RESEARCH

Partner Presentation

GEOMAR is among the largest non-university research institutions in the field of marine sciences in Germany (1000 staff, incl. 450 experienced scientists and about 200 doctoral candidates), and a member of the Helmholtz Association, Germany’s largest non-university scientific organisation. The centre’s mandate is the inter- and multidisciplinary investigation of all relevant aspects of modern marine sciences, from sea floor geology through physical, chemical and biological oceanography to marine meteorology. Research is conducted worldwide in all oceans. The main research topics are grouped in four divisions: Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics, Marine Biogeochemistry, Marine Ecology, and Dynamics of the Ocean Floor. GEOMAR cooperates closely with national and international research institutions and with a number of SMEs active in marine technology and science.

The scientific breadth and the state-of-the-art infrastructure, including open ocean observations and modelling, gives GEOMAR a unique profile and a central collaborative role within the German and international marine science community. Its modern observational infrastructure includes four research vessels, three deep-sea robots with diving depths up to 6000 m, a large number of innovative ship-based and autonomous observing systems (one of the largest fleets of autonomously-operated underwater gliders in Europe) as well as measuring and experimental platforms, state-of-the-art analytical facilities. Ocean and climate modelling employ a hierarchy of models to understand ocean and climate variability. In particular, nested ocean refinement hosted in ocean only and in coupled atmosphere-ocean model is strongly applied to ocean and climate models.

Role in project

GEOMAR leads WP5 (Impact on the coupled climate system) and contributes to coupled model simulations and high-resolution atmosphere simulations.

Key Personnel

Wonsun Park

Senior Scientist with extensive experiences in climate modelling

ETT S.P.A.

Partner Presentation

ETT is an Italian ICT and creative medium enterprise (SME).Since 2003, ETT is ISO9001:2015 certified for planning, development and maintenance activities of software services, software instruments, database and planning, development and maintenance activities of web-based systems. ETT is also ISO9001:2015 certified for formation activities management. ETT R&D unit, which is involved in the SCHeMA.2M project, has long-term experience in the developments and management of ICT projects, web portals, mobile apps, databases, web GIS applications, and information systems.

ETT R&D unit is coordinating EMODnet Physics lot (since 2010) and participates to a series of national and EU projects in the field of oceanography and marine data management (SCHeMA project on FP7 Ocean of Tomorrow; JERICO-NEXT on H2020; AtlantOS on H2020 BG8; SeaDataCloud on H2020 RIA). ETT R&D unit is in charge for the EMODnet Baltic Sea Check Point portal and it is contributing to the Copernicus Marine Environmental Monitoring Service operational activities (i.e. data Dissemination Unit) and Service Evolution INCREASE and LAMBDA projects on in situ data management infrastructure and interoperability. The R&D unit also designs and develops prototypes to make them ready to the market.

Role in project

ETT S.p.A.spa will coordinate the activities of WP7: Data management and connexion with climate services and will be involved in the Dissemination activities foreseen in WP8: Project management and dissemination. ETT S.p.A. main contribution will be the design and development of the ICT infrastructure (data portal, data ingestion and integration procedures, data flow management) for the discovery, access, and download of the data generated and collected during the SO-CHIC project.

Key Personnel

Antonio Novellino

ETT R&D General Manager

Dr. Giuseppe Manzella

Chair of the Historical Oceanography Society

Marco Alba

WebGIS Developer team Leader

EUROPEAN POLAR BOARD

Partner Presentation

The European Polar Board (EPB), initiated in 1995 as an Expert Board of the European Science Foundation (ESF), has been an independent organisation since 2015 that focuses on major strategic priorities in both the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Current EPB membership includes research institutes, funding agencies, scientific academies and polar operators – a total of 27 Members from 19 European countries. The EPB envisions a Europe with a strong and cohesive polar research community, wherein decisions affecting or affected by the polar regions are informed by independent, accurate, and timely advice from the EPB and its Members. The EPB helps to advance the collective knowledge of polar issues, particularly in the context of European societal relevance.

The EPB is a cooperation partner in the EU-PolarNet project, the world’s largest consortium of expertise and infrastructure for polar research, and EPB’s participation will ensure that the legacy of the project, including strategically important products, will be sustained into the future. The EPB is also an associated partner for the EU Arctic Cluster, a network of Horizon 2020 and a Framework Programme 7 funded Arctic projects. The cluster merges a broad spectrum of research and coordination activities, bringing the insights from various areas of expertise together in order to provide one entry point to EU funded Arctic research.

As a coordinating body, the EPB works with both national and international organisations, and has memoranda of understanding with organisations such as the European Space Agency (ESA), the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) and others. As an advisory body, the EPB has put in place a Policy Advisory Group that responds to requests that arise from various national, regional and international policymakers, and has recently worked with DG-MARE and DGRTD, amongst others. The EPB and its Members are involved in various policy and governance meetings related to both Arctic and Antarctic regions, such as the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings (ATCM), the Arctic Council and its various working groups, among many others.

Role in project

The EPB, as a part of WP8, will work with all the WPs to ensure that their most important scientific messages are conveyed to all relevant stakeholders in the most effective manner. The EPB will ensure efficient communication between the scientific, modelling and policymakers, working with international bodies like the IPCC, SCAR, and others as necessary. The EPB aims to do this using a range of communication initiatives and tools, ranging from press releases, holding cross-cutting sessions and side events at major conferences, policy briefings, workshops and an online seminar series. The EPB will also ensure a lasting legacy for all audio and video material produced for SO-CHIC by providing these on the EPB video sharing channel.

Key Personnel

Renuka Badhe

Executive Secretary of the European Polar Board

COUNCIL FOR SCIENTIFIC AND INDSUTRIAL RESEARCH

Partner Presentation

The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, commonly known as the CSIR, is a world-class African research and development organisation established through an Act of Parliament in 1945. The CSIR undertakes directed, multidisciplinary research and technological innovation that contributes to the improved quality of life of South Africans. The organisation plays a key role in supporting government’s programmes through directed research that is aligned with the country’s priorities, the organisation’s mandate and its science, engineering and technology competences. The CSIR’s Southern Ocean Carbon – Climate Observatory (SOCCO) is a South African research programme that contributes to understanding the ocean physics and biogeochemical mechanisms that explain the variability and long-term trends of CO2 fluxes in the Southern Ocean. SOCCO has a particular focus on understanding, through observations and modelling, the role of fine scale ocean physics, the interaction of storms with meso and submesoscale gradients, in determining the thermal and biological control of the seasonal cycle of air-sea fluxes of CO2. The seasonal cycle is used to diagnose forcing mechanisms that explain model biases. SOCCO also undertakes research in the use of machine learning empirical models to address the space and time data gaps in ocean CO2 in order to provide improved constraints for the interannual variability of the seasonal cycle as well as identify forcing factors for the observed variability.

Role in project

The role of CSIR in the project is focused on WP1 (Air-Sea Fluxes) T1.1: Observations of CO2; T1.2: Assess scales of variability; T1.4: role of sea-ice on CO2 fluxes; T1.5: Estimation of contribution of Weddell fluxes to Southern Ocean fluxes.

Key Personnel

Dr Pedro MS Monteiro

Chief Oceanographer at CSIR in South Africa

Dr Sarah Nicholson

Expert in the dynamics of the response of the upper ocean to storms and buoyancy forcing

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, GALWAY

Partner Presentation

NUIG first opened its doors to 68 students on 30th October 1849 and the University, then known as Queen's College was born. The University was one of three Queen's Colleges, the others located in Cork and Belfast. NUI Galway is a research-led university in the West of Ireland and is ranked in the top 250 universities worldwide (The Times Higher Education (THE) World Rankings & QS World Ranking 2017). In 2016, University income exceeded €220 million of which over €55 million was from competitive external research funding. NUI Galway is involved in over 90 Horizon 2020 projects and has received over €45 million in direct funding from the programme.

The AirSea Lab at NUIG conducts upper-ocean and lower-atmosphere research to study the processes governing the air-sea exchange of greenhouse gases, momentum, heat, and freshwater. Air-sea exchange is constantly occurring, governing both weather and climate. Understanding of the processes involved is essential to improve prediction and climate modeling capabilities and accurate measurements at the air-sea interface are fundamental to this.

Role in project

NUIG will contribute to the science workpackages on air-sea fluxes (WP1). The NUIG contribution will be to deploy and analyse upper ocean turbulence and its impact on air-sea heat and CO2 fluxes.

Key Personnel

Brian Ward

Ocean Researcher

ECOCEANA

Partner Presentation

The French-based SME ECOCEANA (Ecosystems, Climate, and Ocean Analysis) specialises in the syntheses and the analyses of global multimodel Earth system model simulations and complementary observational databases for marine biogeochemical and ecological applications. Since it was established in late 2013, ECOCEANA has provided services to a number of international clients including the Alfred Wegner Institute (AWI) and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in Germany; the Commissariat à l'énergie atomique (CEA), the University of Brest (UBO), the Institute Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in France; and CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research laboratories (CMAR) in Australia. ECOCEANA has participated in national and international projects that span a diverse range of research areas. This breadth of experience places ECOCEANA in a strong position to tackle research questions that require a deeper understanding of the processes linking physics and biogeochemistry to the marine carbon-cycle and ecosystems.

Role in project

For the SO-CHIC project ECOCEANA will primarily focus it’s effort on tasks that involve the evaluation, synthesis, and analysis of heat and carbon uptake/storage simulated in the latest generation of Earth system model simulations (CMIP6) that are used for projecting the impacts of climate change (WP6: T. Roy).

Key Personnel

Tilla Roy

Director of ECOCEANA